Quarantine Station History 1909 - 1949
1909 The Quarantine Act of 1908 came into force which made quarantine the responsibility of the Commonwealth Government. The State Act was not repealed though and there was constant friction until Dr J.H.R. Cumpston became the Director of Quarantine in 1913.
1921 Commonwealth Department of Health established with Dr Cumpston as first Director-General.
1911-12 Major administration block was built
1913-1914 Many additions were made. Isolation wards were built in the hospital and smaller hospital buildings were demolished, rebuilt or renovated.
1913-1917 The present wharf area was laid out and built.
1914-1919 First World War. The Quarantine Station was used for Military quarantine and the Seaman's Isolation Hospital was built.
1818 The "Argyllshire"
arrived with 1014 mostly injured soldiers from World War I onboard. One case of suspected
influenza was on board so the ship was quarantined. The soldiers mutineed after
discovering snakes in their tents.
1918-1919 Influenza pandemic which eventually claimed 20 million lives around the world. The station was overwhelmed with many troopships returning from Europe in quarantine because of influenza.
1921 The "Niagara" was quarantined for smallpox.
1922 April 15 - "SSComeric"
- Captain Blackmore
1920s The number of vessels in quarantined reduced to a trickle as the facilities on Thursday Island were upgraded and this became the first port of call for ships entering Australian waters.
1923 The "S.S. Tai Yuan" was quarantined for smallpox.
1926 The "Barrabool" with smallpox. Engraving mentions S.W. Clay, M. Spoor, J.C.Watkins and E.M.Perkins.
1930 The "Aorangi" was
quarantined for smallpox.
1832-33 Stone Wall built with Federal Grant. Large area of Quarantine Area land allocated to military uses.
1935 The "Aorangi" was quarantined for smallpox again. Most of the passengers treated this as a two week holiday and there was a jovial atmosphere.
1940 "M.S. Batory" - British evacuee children
1949 The "S.S. Mooltan" quarantined for smallpox.
and was last modified 20th January, 2007.