QSwharfth.jpg (4017 bytes)Manly Quarantine Station

QS Conservation Plan 2000 - Part 9



in 1999

on site

in the past


9.0          SHNP North Head Quarantine Station

Conservation and Management Policy


Part 7 - Assessing Significance

Part 8 - Conservation and Management Policy Issues

This is Part 9 - Conservation and Management Policy

Part 10 - Implementation.

9.1             Conservation and Management Policy :

                   Preamble to the Policies


The following policies stem from, or are compatible with, the assessment of cultural significance; a range of management issues; opportunities and constraints, as discussed in Section 8.0. The policies are consistent with the Sydney Harbour National Park Plan of Management, and the Service’s obligations under the National Parks and Wildlife Act, Environmental Protection Act, Heritage Act and other legislation.



Section 8

Conservation and Management Plan Issues


It is usual in studying places of cultural significance to find that their values are sometimes concealed or diminished as a result of actions by their owners or users at some time in their history. Often it is necessary to strip away accretions to reveal hidden material, or to reconstruct elements to complete the whole. This is not the case at the North Head Quarantine Station where the values are embodied in all the layers and the contributions of all the people who have been associated with the place.


The natural features of the place are also rich and many layered. All, except for some aggressive species that have been introduced accidentally [such as the rabbits and lantana] make a contribution. The site itself is spectacular and evocative without the need for embellishment. Accordingly the policies are directed towards protection of the existing values and retention and interpretation of the many layers of its history and significance. The policies regarding uses are aimed at ensuring that the experience of the place will not be compromised by new materials, services, or radically new functions.


The Policies are set out within thematic sections below. Where a specific strategy [relating to the stated policy] can be stated; that Strategy Statement follows the policy.


9.2             Conservation and Management Policy :

                   NHQS : Primary NPWS Policy


The Quarantine Station will be conserved and managed by NPWS in accordance with its outstanding significance as a place that retains and evokes powerful cultural meanings for a large number of indigenous, resident and newly-arrived Australians. Its natural features, cultural features and ambience will remain accessible to the local, state, national and international community.


As the custodian of the place, NPWS will ensure that the values expressed in the statement of cultural significance will be retained and that the natural resources, historic fabric, artefacts, sites and meanings of the place, which are essential to the interpretation of its outstanding significance, will be conserved.

 The management of the Quarantine Station by NPWS will aim to maintain an appropriate level of community representation and public access, compatible with the objectives of protecting and interpreting its many layers of significance and efficiency in accordance with prevailing State Government policy requirements.


9.3             Conservation and Management Policy :

                   General Conservation Policies


General Conservation Policy No. 1

Conservation and Management

The Quarantine Station will be conserved and managed as a nationally significant former quarantine station and managed in accordance with this Conservation Management Plan. Management  will be based on a respect for the Aboriginal, Colonial / Modern and Natural heritage values of the place and its significant fabric, and for the character of the place which is created by its historical use and association; combination of natural vegetation and cleared areas, pattern of buildings; clusters of inscriptions, and dramatic isolated siting on North Head.


The values of the North Head Quarantine Station are embodied in all the layers and the contributions of all the people who have been associated with the place.  Accordingly the general conservation policies are directed towards protecting the existing values and retention and interpretation of the many layers of its history and significance. The policies regarding the future management and use of the Quarantine Station are aimed at ensuring that the experience of the place will not be compromised by new materials, services, or inappropriate new functions.



General Conservation Policy No. 2

North Head Conservation and Management

The Aboriginal, Colonial / Modern and Natural heritage values of the Quarantine Station are integrally related to the values of North Head as a whole. Implementation of the Conservation Management Plan of the Quarantine Station site should be undertaken in the context and in conjunction with planning for North Head as a whole.


The NPWS should continue to participate in the North Head Liaison Committee [formerly the North Head Management Committee] to provide a forum for solving conflicts of interest between corporate organisations at North Head; promote the thorough consideration of the heritage significance of lands and structures at North Head; provide a forum for solving land degradation problems within the North Head precinct.


 General Conservation Policy No. 3

Quarantine Station and the Former School of Artillery

The conservation management planning for Quarantine Station should be considered in association with the conservation management planning of the former School of Artillery Site [Defence Property], such that the integration of compatible adaptive reuses, interpretative initiatives; and public access initiative; can be pursued to ensure the best conservation and development ‘outcomes’ for both sites.


Where appropriate, the NPWS should undertake discussion with the Interim Sydney Harbour Federation Trust to explore conservation and development ‘outcomes’ for other sites in view of the trust’s acquisition of the former Defence property at the end of the year 2000 and its likely management of that site in the future.


General Conservation Policy No. 4

NPWS as Manager

The Quarantine is a place of outstanding significance in public ownership, and its management carries with it the expectation of public access and presentation. The manager of the place [NPWS] should be primarily focussed on the conservation and public presentation of the place, and ensure that the requisite skills for this task are available.


One of the Leasing  options outlined in Section 8.4.1 above may be an appropriate mechanism to allow compatible adaptive reuses to be implemented and the place to become more economically viable. The primary responsibility for management and conservation should rest with [currently the NPWS] which is charged with the conservation and public presentation of the place and the day-to-day oversight of management, including of the auditing of any head or sub lessees activities


  General Conservation Policy No. 5

NPWS as Custodian

NPWS as custodian of the Quarantine Station within Sydney Harbour National Park, will ensure the care, management and conservation of the Station in accordance with the values expressed in the Statement of Significance, and a respect for its existing fabric, its use, associations and meanings. NPWS will ensure that all users of the place abide by this Conservation Management Plan.


  General Conservation Policy No. 6

Conservation Philosophy

The most significant fabric at the Quarantine Station relates to its use for quarantine purposes from 1828 to 1984, its Aboriginal associations and its natural values. All periods of quarantine use will be respected, and the conservation approach for fabric of any given period will not diminish the significance or ability to interpret the fabric of other periods and the evolution of the place over time. On balance, the station should reflect its form and appearance as it was in its final form in 1984.


Restoration or reconstruction of components of the place, including new paint schemes and internal reconstruction, to a well documented earlier form may be acceptable for clearly stated interpretative purposes. Interpretation should make clear to visitors that this is an artificial treatment meant to provide a better understanding of the different periods of the Station’s history and evolution. The changes made to the place since 1984 are considered to be of little or no significance, and the removal of any constructions or works created since that date should be considered if they conflict with the conservation, understanding or enjoyment of quarantine era fabric or landscapes, or if their continued presence is not essential to the management and conservation of the place.


  General Conservation Policy No. 7

Aboriginal Consultation

Relevant Aboriginal representatives are to be consulted by NPWS [and any other relevant body such as a contractor or lessee] in relation to new proposals, be it with regard to interpretative programs and activities that may affect the ambience of the North Head area or programs relating to construction or maintenance work within this area if these activities may affect Aboriginal heritage values.


The NPWS Aboriginal consultation : Policy and Procedures [1989 and currently being revised] are to be followed by the NPWS [ and any agent or contractors lessees] in relation to the Quarantine Station site. A ‘Framework of Consultation’ has been prepared as part of this consultancy, refer

Appendix E.



Appendix E

NPWS Heritage Assessment


  General Conservation Policy No. 8

Aboriginal Sites

No site tabulation or map with precinct locations will be included in public material without the agreement of both NPWS and MLALC.


As a result of this Conservation Management Plan consultancy, a ‘database’ of NHQS Aboriginal sites have been prepared as a basis for ‘internal’ use by the NPWS and the MLALC. This database is in a form [Excel database] which is easily expandable. It will be prepared for MLALC representatives and NPWS staff as guides to locations and areas of sensitivity but neither the tabulation.   It will remain confidential.


  General Conservation Policy No. 9

Interpretation of Aboriginal Heritage

Aboriginal people will determine what Aboriginal cultural heritage is appropriate for public access, interpretation and the content of interpretive material. Aboriginal stakeholders will be encouraged to promote and interpret their heritage through cultural tourism at the Quarantine Station. The interpretation of historic sites or natural areas will also explain the history of Aboriginal people or the importance of Aboriginal cultural heritage with respect to those places.


The MLALC wish to develop and run an interpretive program allowing them to give an Aboriginal view of Aboriginal history in Australia. This program may be appropriate for the Quarantine Station but other harbour locations will be investigated.


General Conservation Policy No. 10

Natural Bushland Areas

The natural bushland areas of the Quarantine Station will be managed as part of other natural areas of North Head particularly the adjoining areas of Sydney Harbour National Park and consistent with the management of other natural areas in this Park.


The management of natural areas of North Head is the responsibility of a number of agencies. Liaison processes should be developed to ensure compatible management across North Head, to ensure appropriate conditions for species and habitat conservation, and a unified approach to natural landscape management. This is particularly important in relation to patch burning for habitat management so that food plants and critical feeding areas are not burnt at the same time.


General Conservation Policy No. 11

Scientific Research

The geodiversity and biodiversity of the Quarantine Station is part of the broader natural areas on North Head which due to long isolation are important natural laboratories for research aimed at improving knowledge and understanding of species, communities and natural processes.


Research into geodiversity and biodiversity should be encouraged with appropriate safeguards concerning destructive sampling and reporting of results.


General Conservation Policy No. 12

The Aquatic Reserve

The Aquatic Reserve will be represented as an important conservation area in the planning and management of the Quarantine Station.


Site interpretation at the Quarantine Station will include conservation values of the Aquatic Reserve Stormwater run  off from the Quarantine Station site will be managed with the aim of preventing nutrient from entering the Reserve. The implementation of policies regarding site access and referencing of water access will be preceded by studies and the collection of base data to ensure that the impact of any new or altered access arrangement can be carefully monitored and, if the impact is found to be unacceptable, stopped altogether. NPWS will work closely with the NSW Fisheries to monitor impacts in the Reserve. NPWS will discourage all activities in the immediate vicinity of the Quarantine Station that could have a negative impact on the Aquatic Reserve.


General Conservation Policy No. 13

Cultural Landscape

The cultural landscape of the Quarantine Station, which has evolved with a degree of austerity and is part of the historical visual character of the place, should be should be maintained in the configuration it had at the time the station closed. The sharp edge between native vegetation and mown land maintained, and there should be no plantings or other landscape treatments, including paving and hard surfaces, which do not reflect the station’s historical pattern, consistent with General Conservation Policy No. 4. Where access to significant places may have an impact on significance site hardening will be introduced consistent with the strategy.


Landscape Management Guidelines should be developed, which would be a supplementary conservation document consistent with Conservation Practices Policy No. 2 above [Supplementary Conservation Documents]. These would provide guidelines for controlling landscape modification; establishing management practices; determining the relationship with the management of other North Head bushlands; and any divergence from the cultural landscape policy required by species recovery plans.


General Conservation Policy No. 14

Statutory Obligations

The management of the NHQS is to be in accordance with the appropriate and relevant statutory obligations [NPW Act; EPA Act, NSW heritage Act; AHC Act; ] and with the requirements of the North [Sydney] Harbour Aquatic Reserve.


General Conservation Policy No. 15

Visitation and Use Capacity

NPWS will manage the visitation and use capacity of the Quarantine Station site through an active and rigorous program of on going research that focuses on the following five sequential steps: establishing the context, identifying the risks, evaluating the risks, limiting the risks and monitoring the risked associated with the site use in relation to numbers of visitors, access to the site, cost of maintenance and income.


A review of site usage, visitor numbers and maintenance expenditure since 1984 will be undertaken prior to the full consideration or adoption of any activities or increased number of visitors to the site, in order to establish a background context for the site. NPWS will seek input in order to identify the areas where, according to local knowledge the wear has been substantial of where the invasion of vegetation, growth in population of species or site erosion has been greatest in order to identify the risk of continuing present uses before considering new uses. New uses will then be assessed with reference to this data. Steps will be taken to ensure that risks will be properly managed and the results will be assiduously monitored and reported. It is recommended that the NPWS make contact with the Co-operative Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism to discuss monitoring techniques for heritage sites.


9.4             Conservation and Management Policy :

                   NHQS : Conservation Practices


Conservation Practice Policy No. 1

Accordance with Charters and Appropriate Conservation Process

The conservation and development of the place should be carried out in accordance with the principles of the Australia ICOMOS Burra Charter, and the Australian Natural heritage Charter, and any formal revisions of those charters that might occur in the future. Appropriate conservation processes for the Quarantine Station include maintenance, preservation, restoration, reconstruction and adaptation, all as defined in the Burra Charter.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 2

Supplementary Conservation Documents and Approvals

Any work on a building or component of the Quarantine Station, other than works and maintenance specifically foreshadowed in this conservation management plan, will be preceded by the preparation of area or building-specific supplementary conservation documents [such as conservation plans or management guidelines], which will be consistent with this conservation plan. All supplementary conservation documents must conform to this conservation management plan. Supplementary conservation documents might include research to further  refine the understanding of significance, the most appropriate management actions and the extent of work required.


Supplementary conservation documents may include site, building or area-specific conservation plans, conservation implementation strategies specific to the building or area, or conservation guidelines to assist in appropriate practices consistent with established policies and implementation strategies. Conservation plans, or detailed implementation policies, for example, might be needed for whole areas; while conservation guidelines might be required to guide particular work practices across the site.

Supplementary conservation documents may include following :

             area conservation plans for the Quarantine Station ‘core’ precincts:

             infrastructure control plans

             landscape management guidelines

             heritage objects plans

             fire management and use plans

             flora and fauna species recovery plans

             interpretation plans

             archaeological management plans

             fabric sampling guidelines

Supplementary conservation documents, especially conservation plans for areas and major buildings, might include identification of components that should be sampled to provide reference buildings and spaces for strict conservation and interpretation. All supplementary conservation documents must be formally approved by the NPWS Director-General and NSW Heritage Council endorsement  before they can be implemented.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 3

Infrastructure Control Plan

To guide any proposed development of services and other infrastructure at the Quarantine Station, an infrastructure control plan for the whole station will be prepared. Development in this context includes, among other things, the upgrade or replacement of services such as water supply, sewerage, roads, electricity and the wharf. The infrastructure control plan will be consistent with this conservation management plan and with supplementary conservation documents for specific areas of the station.


Should the rationalisation or major upgrade of existing services throughout the station be contemplated, the work should be guided by the infrastructure control plan. Ad hoc changes to services or the installation of new services should be subject to the infrastructure control plan, and that plan as a whole should be reviewed if the proposed works are not covered within its existing scope.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 4

Flora and Fauna Conservation

The native vegetation, plant and animal species and their habitats, fragile soils and geological features, springs and streams are to be conserved. No introduction of exotic or native plant or animal, soil, sands or building material which will adversely affect native species or their habitats on North Head should be considered.


The design and management of works, including landscape management, should ensure that exotic or new native species are not introduced to the place. Established hazardous, invasive animals and plants should be removed. Eroding soil and sand areas should be stabilised in a way that protects the natural values and any archaeological evidence at the location.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 5

Recovery Plan

Prepare and implement Recovery Plans for endangered species, under the Threatened Species Act as required.


Implement the Draft Recovery Plan for the Little Penguin Endangered population Manly - released for public comment. Implement the Draft Recovery Plan for the Long-nosed Bandicoot North Head - in preparation

Recovery Plans should be developed for the following species, either as discrete threatened communities or as parts of wider populations:

             Camfields Stringybark ;

             Red-crowned Toadlet ;

             the Powerful Owl; and

             Acacia terminalis ssp terminalis;

Exotic flora and fauna which could adversely affect native species are to be prohibited.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 6

Exotic Flora and Fauna

Prohibit further intrusion into, or alienation of, remaining native vegetation ie any physical developments must occur only on existing disturbed sites with no reasonable chance of rehabilitation to their former condition or by replacing existing structures with no identified heritage value.


Prohibit introduction of exotic or native plants, animals, soil, sand or building materials which could possibly adversely affect native species or their habitats. Soil and sand are included specifically to assist in reducing the introduction of weed seeds and propagates, exotic slugs and snails and soil borne pathogens. Ensure boundary fences are adequate to exclude cats and dogs from the area


Conservation Practice Policy No. 7

Aboriginal Heritage Values and Environmental Assessment

Environmental Assessment procedures prior to planning activities in/modification of any part of the North Head area would need to include consultation of the Aboriginal sites register for the area; completion of an Aboriginal heritage assessment to determine the likelihood of occurrence of Aboriginal relics/places of significance; and assessment of the proposal and whether it could/would affect Aboriginal relics of places of significance or importance to the Aboriginal community or areas nominated or declared Aboriginal Places.


Conservation of Aboriginal heritage values includes identifying archaeological sites, and recognising and interpreting areas of importance in Aboriginal use of the land, such as the close associations with Sydney Harbour and its foreshores.

An Aboriginal Site s ‘data base’ has been prepared as part of this Conservation Management Plan for current and future use by the NPWS and MLALC for local management purposes. It will remain confidential.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 8

Reconstruction of Buildings / Site Elements

Reconstruction of whole, or substantial parts of buildings will be undertaken only within strict limitations. Limitations will be determined for each area or precincts by supplementary conservation documents, but in general reconstruction will:

       be limited to those sites where former buildings were located, and be designed in a scale and design sympathetic to the former building and it neighbours;

       be built to the original external form, with appropriate materials, but with their modern origin marked in some way able to be seen on close inspection;

       avoid damage to or disturbance of significant archaeological evidence, consistent with the controls over archaeological investigations and salvage;

       avoid disturbance of the geomorphologically significant Pleistocene sand deposits in the Third Class/Asiatics area;

       avoid confusing the history and interpretation of later surviving buildings interpreting any reconstructions;

       not require levels of services that would entail major upgrade and hence disturbance of other areas of the Station; and

       enhance interpretation of the Quarantine Station experience and understanding of the quarantine process.

Conjectural reconstruction or demolition of significant elements or components of surviving buildings or sites will not be undertaken.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 9

NPWS Heritage Objects and Moveable Heritage

Heritage objects [such as furniture, equipment and movable artefacts] associated with the operations of Quarantine Station should be documented, and their significance assessed. Planning should be undertaken for management and conservation of those objects under NPWS control, and documented in a supplementary conservation document.


The heritage objects planning documentation should include guidelines on:

the assessment of significance of objects in the context of the significance of the place; the display and retention of objects on-site; the interpretation of objects in the context of interpreting the place’s significance; the storage of objects; the acquisition and disposal policy; the cooperative use and care of significant objects owned by other organisations or individuals.

An existing schedule of NPWS moveable heritage has been prepared by the NPWS [1996]; and should be used as the basis for the Moveable Heritage Plan.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 10


Inscriptions on rocks and building materials throughout the Quarantine Station should be thoroughly documented and preserved.


Existing documentation of inscriptions should be reviewed, and updated in light of current condition and integrity. Consideration should be given to taking latex moulds of inscriptions, as an accurate record and a basis for replicating inscriptions for interpretative purposes. A monitoring program should be developed for the inscriptions. Visitation to isolated inscription areas, such as Old Mans Hat, needs to be managed so as to limit the risk of vandalism or inadvertent damage to the sites. This issue should be addressed in the context of both the interpretation plan and the access management planning for the place. Inscriptions should be preserved. Reconstruction, by re-inscription of original inscriptions or re-painting of surfaces, is generally not considered to be an appropriate conservation approach, though in specific cases it might be determined to be appropriate.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 11

Fire Management & Use Plan

A fire management and use plan should be developed with strategies for conserving natural heritage values on North Head generally and the Quarantine Station in particular, and to protect the buildings from fire.


Develop and implement a fire control and hazard reduction plan.


Conservation Practice Policy No. 12

Security Arrangements

Adequate security arrangements should be implemented or upgraded to protect the place.


Instigate security arrangements, appropriate to the uses of the place, that enable 24 hour security. 

9.5             Conservation and Management Policy :

                   NHQS : Compatible Adaptive Reuse


Compatible Adaptive Reuse Policy No. 1

New and Continuing Uses

Compatible adaptive reuse will be accommodated by the processes of preservation, restoration or reconstruction of existing buildings and sites where these are adequate to achieve the needs of the new use, or by adaptation where they are not. Adaptation will involve minimum amount of change necessary to achieve the requirements of the use change, and will limit the impact on cultural significance as far as is possible. Such changes should designed to be substantially reversible.


Compatible Adaptive Reuse Policy No. 2

Compatible Uses

The compatible adaptive reuse will accord with the significance of the Quarantine Station and each of its components. Significance potentially effected by new uses includes the cultural landscape and the characteristics of space, austerity, separation and unity of function and design which typify the Quarantine Station.

New uses should enhance the historical character of the Quarantine Station. Activities, finishes or elements in the landscape that trivialise the quarantine experience should be avoided.


The following compatible adaptive reuses may be considered,

Accommodation, as a compatible use of the former accommodation blocks and staff cottages/quarters. The significance of the Quarantine Station buildings includes a modest institutional style of accommodation, and the general use of communal ablutions and dining areas. The most recent configuration of accommodation should determine the nature of acceptable uses and the nature of associated adaptation.

Interpretation, as a compatible use of many of the buildings and sites, generally requires little or no adaptation. Interpretation should be guided by a conscious desire to present a range of buildings and sites that can contribute most effectively to illustrating the quarantine story. In accordance with an interpretation plan.

Conference / functions centre, as a compatible use of larger rooms, and which may operate with associated accommodation. Such uses may limit or deny public access to important spaces for interpretation purposes, but the importance of key spaces must be presented.

Other uses that are determined to be compatible in particular circumstances. Such uses might be identified during the preparation of supplementary conservation documents. Restaurant or other food outlets might, for example, be compatible uses including former kitchen or dining spaces. Associated requirements such as vehicle access and outside activities areas should be considered when determining compatibility of a potential use.


Compatible Adaptive Reuse Policy No. 3

New Buildings

New buildings within the NHQS Core precinct will not be permitted until optimum adaptive reuse of the existing buildings has been made; and there is a demonstrated need for new buildings. 


Compatible Adaptive Reuse Policy No. 4

Former Building Sites

The construction of a new building on the location of a former building [as reconstruction of a former building] would  not be permitted until optimum compatible adaptive reuse of the existing NHQS buildings has been made and there is a demonstrable need for new buildings. Reconstruction [in the spirit of the Burra Charter] will be allowed only after completion of Supplementary Conservation Documents and requisite approvals received. Reconstruction of site elements [eg fences] will be allowed.


Compatible Adaptive Reuse Policy No. 5

Statutory Requirements

NPWS will ensure that all new developments comply with statutory requirements such as the National Parks and Wildlife Act, Environmental Protection Act, Heritage Act, Building Code of Australia, Occupational Health and Safety regulations and any other relevant legislation.


Compatible Adaptive Reuse Policy No. 6

Recovery Plans and adaptive Reuse and  adaptive Reuse and Approvals

New uses should be compatible with the objectives of the Recovery Plans for endangered native species on North Head. These may limit, for example, the nature of night time activities on Quarantine Beach in relation to the nesting of Little Penguins, which may in turn determine compatible new uses for that area. All proposals for new or altered uses will be subject to approval in principle by the NPWS Director-General, the final decision on uses to be guided by environmental assessment processes.

9.6             Conservation and Management Policy :

                   NHQS : Access and Interpretation


Access & Interpretation Policy No. 1

Public Access

Public access to the Quarantine Station should be encouraged and catered for as a primary function of the place. The nature and extent of public access to areas should be managed to optimise interpretative experiences while avoiding unacceptable impacts on significant values and particular managed uses. 


Access and its impacts to specific precincts will need to be more fully assessed and planned for in the development of supplementary conservation documents.

Public access should be planned and modified over time in the context of changing uses and the state of development of the interpretations programs, parking and traffic management programs, and water access program. Public access by both water and land are likely to remain viable options into the foreseeable future.

Disabled access Some buildings can provide disabled access in their historical form, others would need adaptation for some forms of disabled access, while some would be difficult to make disabled accessible without unacceptable impact on significance. People mover vehicles would improve disabled access to a number of areas of the station.

Virtual access to the Quarantine Station, by way of published material and an internet site would provide innovative and alternative means of presenting the place to permit those who are not planning to visit the site to appreciate its significance.

Visitor facilities, such as toilets and refreshment / rest facilities should be provided within existing buildings, consistent with the conservation of the values of these buildings.


Access & Interpretation Policy No. 2

Interpretation Plan

An Interpretation Plan should be developed for the Quarantine Station, which includes:

             a program to increase understanding, appreciation and awareness of all heritage values of the Quarantine Station site and its position on North Head;

             a program to increase understanding, appreciation and awareness of the Aboriginal heritage values of the Quarantine Station site and of North Head generally, which may involve the Aboriginal community ;

             a program to interpret the various themes in the history and use of the place, and which indicates linkages to other state and national stories of importance;

             directions on innovative interpretative approaches to telling quarantine stories without introducing inappropriate interpretative techniques;

             an interpretative program or programs that utilise all areas of the Quarantine Station and the full range of its fabric [including objects and inscriptions] to tell its stories;

             the retention and use of historically valid names for each area and building in the station;

             a schools education program developed in liaison with the NSW Studies Board;

             input into the specific area and building supplementary conservation documents;

             placing the Quarantine Station in the context of the broader Sydney Harbour National Park and NPWS management of significant cultural and natural places, and

             The contribution nocturnal educational tours of the Quarantine station should be assessed in terms of their    ability to impart the complexity of the significance of the place versus their ability to raise revenue.


Access & Interpretation Policy No. 3

Public Access Planning

Encourage and plan for public access in ways that are compatible with the retention and enhancement of significance and the conservation of elements of the Quarantine Station. Access to the foreshores should be consistent with State Environmental Planning Policy 56. Supplementary conservation documents should attempt to define appropriate levels of visitation and use that would be consistent with the ongoing conservation of the North Head Quarantine Station.


Appropriate levels of visitation and use should be initially based on visitor impacts surveys for each area, and then impacts should be monitored over time and adjusted accordingly. An overview of the combined limits of acceptable change is to be determined, and visitor numbers to the station regulated accordingly.

Visitor numbers should not be increased above existing levels until appropriate level for the Station have been determined.


Access & Interpretation Policy No. 4

Vehicle Access and Parking

Cars are not a traditional component of the operational Quarantine Station, and their presence should be limited and parking located so as to reduce their visibility and impact. The aim is to limit vehicle access to that required for public presentation and unavoidable management needs.


Approaches to limiting vehicle access might include:

             locating a visitor car park off the approach road from Manly, in an already cleared area and requiring foot or people carrier access from there;

             in the interim, until full implementation of a car-free policy can be considered, limiting management and visitor parking to clearly identified locations, placing barriers across non-trafficable roads, and overall imposing a car limit on the site;

             limiting deliveries to used buildings or for other management purposes as far as possible to periods outside opening hours;

             maximising water access to the site;

             reconstructing the tramway between the first and third class precincts as a people mover;

             limiting vehicle access to sealed roads and designated parking areas; 


             introducing traffic calming features.


Access & Interpretation Policy No. 5

Water Access

Access by water via the Quarantine wharf should be encouraged. The timing and frequency of boat access, and the size of vessels allowed access, should be informed by environmental impact assessment on the conservation of seagrass and marine species; the Recovery Plan for the Little Penguin population; and ongoing monitoring of sea-bed impacts.


9.7             Conservation and Management Policy

                   NHQS : Community Consultation


Community Consultation Policy No. 1


Groups or individuals in the community with associations with the place should be provided with the opportunity to contribute to and participate in the ongoing assessment and management planning of the place.


NPWS to liase with the North Head Liaison Committee to encourage community consultation and management and interpretation of the North Head Quarantine Station. An Aboriginal employment program, including the Quarantine Station and other areas of Sydney Harbour National Park, would directly involve the Aboriginal community in the management of the place, and provide a mechanism for increased liaison between the Service and the Aboriginal community.


9.8             Conservation and Management Policy

                   NHQS : Archaeological Evidence


Archaeological Evidence Policy No. 1

Protection of Archaeological Relics

Works or activities that will have an impact on Aboriginal relics or physical evidence, or on historical archaeological objects, deposits or material evidence will be subject to the requirements of the National Parks and Wildlife Act, and the NSW Heritage Act for the protection of such relics, and the development of appropriate planning tools and preliminary assessments prior to the work..


Archaeological Evidence Policy No. 2

Protection of Archaeological Relics

Gaps in the identification of Aboriginal archaeological sites should be identified, and survey undertaken to locate sites.


Priority should be given to unsurveyed areas likely to receive increasing visitation. Prepare the Archaeological Management Plan to be useable on a NPWS GIS system. Provide training to all NPWS staff and other site management staff in the use of the Archaeological Management Plan.


Archaeological Evidence Policy No. 3

Historical Archaeological  Relics

An archaeological management plan will be prepared for the Quarantine Station in accordance with the guidelines from the NSW Heritage Council as a high priority.  This will identify the location of known and predicted archaeological evidence and its significance.  It will identify appropriate strategies for the management of archaeological evidence including assessment of proposed work activities, monitoring short and long term impacts on sites, interpretation of archaeological evidence in situ, sampling, management of artefact collections and archaeological data.  All areas of the Quarantine Station will be zoned to reflect management strategies appropriate to their archaeological significance.


Installation of services will be designed to avoid sub-surface disturbance where this is feasible, and to minimise disturbance or penetration of above ground walls and other fabric.

Where sub-surface disturbance cannot be avoided, existing service trenches should be used where possible.


Archaeological Evidence Policy No. 4

Archaeological Research

Research that does not involve the excavation or destruction of archaeological evidence will be encouraged.  Preference will be given to research that allows further understanding of the archaeological resource to be gained, and that realises the research potential of the resource. Excavation [including surface collection and other destructive method] as a research tool will be considered in accordance with Heritage council and NPWS guidelines.


NPWS will prepare a prospectus of potential archaeological research subjects for consideration by university teaching departments.  Bona fide scholars will be encouraged to use the Quarantine Station as a research site.


9.9             Conservation and Management Policy :

                   Documentation Monitoring and Review


Documentation Monitoring and Review Policy No. 1

New Evidence

New evidence and information relating to the place, its assessment and its management should be maintained in a way that makes it accessible for future reference.


Files should be maintained at the Quarantine Station for each building and site, arranged within each area of the station for easy reference. New information, such as documentary, oral or physical information, and records of works carried out should be attached to the file as copies of documents, notes for file, or references to the location of related documents, objects, photos etc.

The existing Research Centre at NHQS should be properly managed and curated.


Documentation Monitoring and Review Policy No. 2

Removed Fabric

Fabric removed from structures or services as part of conservation works, or located out of original context, should be assessed and samples retained for future reference and as physical evidence.


Guidelines for the assessment of fabric and its sampling should be developed as a supplementary conservation document. Sampled fabric should be preserved in an appropriate building on the station, which provides appropriate conditions. The condition of the fabric sample collection should be monitored, and action taken to maintain appropriate environmental conditions for its conservation.


Documentation Monitoring and Review Policy No. 3

Visitors and Use Levels

The ability of the Quarantine Station to accommodate higher levels of use should be the subject of an environmental impact risk assessment.


An environmental impact risk assessment model; as utilised to investigate visitor and use levels for the Australian Alps tourist sites, should be prepared at North Head Quarantine Station. The assessment model consists of five key phases of analysis are the

       establishment of context;

       identification of risk;

       evaluation of risk;

       limitation of risk and

       monitoring of risk. This approach should be used as the basis for similar analysis at North Head Quarantine Station.


Documentation Monitoring and Review Policy No. 4


This Conservation Management Plan should be reviewed to take account of new information and ensure consistency with current management circumstances every five years. The conservation policy should be reviewed when major changes to the place occur by accident [such as fire or natural disaster], or when the management environment changes to the degree that policies are not appropriate to new management circumstances.



in 1999

on site

in the past

This page was created 23rd January, 2000, by Judith Bennett,  Friends of Quarantine Station,
and was last modified 20th January, 2007.