QSwharfth.jpg (4017 bytes)Manly Quarantine Station

QS Conservation Plan 2000 - Part 10

Aboriginal
Heritage

History
Immigration

Buildings
in 1999

Carvings
on site

Residents
in the past

Natural
Environment
Conservation
Plan

10.0        SHNP North Head Quarantine Station

Implementing the Policies

 

Part 7 - Assessing Significance

Part 8 - Conservation and Management Policy Issues

Part 9 - Conservation and Management Policy

This is Part 10 - Implementation

10.1           Implementation :

                   Preamble

 

The NPWS Brief requirements for the NHQS Statement of Implementation Strategy and 'Actions' reads as follows:

 

'… The conservation policies will need to be translated into general as well as site specific actions organised in order of priority within given time frames which can be incorporated into other District operational planning documents and guide more detailed conservation plans. General strategies and actions should be set out in 1, 3 and 5 to 10 year time frames with a section outlining ongoing cyclical maintenance works. This [implementation] strategy should also outline the various conservation actions and nominate who will be responsible for their implementation'

Refer

Section 9.0

Policy Strategies

 

The following program for phased strategy implementation responds to the NPWS Brief; and is set out in alignment with the policy strategies at Section 9.0 above.

 

10.2           Implementation :

                   Objectives of the Strategies

 

Refer

Section 2.0

Executive Summary

The overall objectives for the implementation of the Conservation Management Plan are as follows:

 

       That the Quarantine Station should be conserved and managed by NPWS in accordance with its outstanding significance as a place that retains and evokes powerful cultural meanings for a large number of indigenous, resident and newly-arrived Australians.

 

       That the natural features, cultural features and ambience of NHQS should remain accessible to the local, state, national and international community.

 

       That the NPWS, as manager, should be primarily focussed on the conservation and public presentation of the place, and ensure that the requisite skills for this task are available.

 

       That the NPWS should ensure that the values expressed in the statement of cultural significance will be retained and that the natural resources, historic fabric, artefacts, sites and meanings of the place, which are essential to the interpretation of its outstanding significance, will be conserved.

 

       That the management of the Quarantine Station by NPWS should maintain an appropriate level of community representation and public access, compatible with the objectives of protecting and interpreting its many layers of significance and efficiency in accordance with prevailing State Government policy requirements.

 

       That the Aboriginal, Colonial / Modern and Natural heritage values of the Quarantine Station, which are integrally related to the values of North Head as a whole, should be seen in that context. Conservation and management planning for the Quarantine Station should be undertaken in conjunction with planning for North Head as a whole.

 

       That all periods of quarantine use should be respected, and that the conservation approach for fabric of any given period should not diminish the significance or ability to interpret the fabric of other periods and the evolution of the place over time. On balance, the station should reflect its form and appearance as it was in its final form in 1984; and

 

       That more detailed supplementary conservation documents [such as discrete conservation plans] for each functional area of the station, and for major buildings and building groups should be developed and that such supplementary conservation documentation should be consistent with the significance assessment and policy directions within this conservation management plan

 

10.3           Implementation :

                   Immediate [One Year] Program

 

Adopt this Conservation Management Plan as the policy basis for the conservation and management of the North Head Quarantine Station.

 

 

Refer

Policy for Condition

of the Fabric

 

Undertake urgent building stabilisation and maintenance works.

 

The buildings and sites comprising the Quarantine Station range from good to poor condition. There is a maintenance backlog on many buildings which has led to deteriorating condition, and many sites [especially the inscriptions] are in varying degrees of deterioration through weathering. The condition of the place does not severely diminish its significance or limit its capacity to be used to interpret its stories. It does, however, emphasise the need for a number of policies and implementation strategies to improve regular maintenance and monitoring of condition and threats to elements of the place.

 

Substantial conservation works, often with 'one off' grant funding, have been completed, for example, to the Asiatics block; the First Class ablutions; and the First Class accommodation buildings.

 

There is a need to undertake an urgent [one year] program to severely deteriorated building and site element fabric. The NPWS holds scopes of works, for most of the Quarantine Station buildings, pending available funding.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Moveable Heritage

Provide protection for artefacts, sites, etc, under threat from severe environmental factors.

 

The artefact collections housed at the Quarantine Station are housed in a number of locations, with many being housed in buildings A20, A2 and H15. With the exception of one building [H15], these repositories are inadequate for artefact storage, and the condition of the artefact collections are deteriorating significantly. The management and housing of the station’s artefact collections needs to be addressed as an immediate one year program.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Heritage Objects

Retain all artefacts and heritage objects in their current location, and prepare a Heritage Objects and Moveable Heritage Plan.

 

The heritage objects planning document should include guidelines on: the assessment of significance of objects in the context of the significance of the place; the display and retention of objects on-site; the interpretation of objects in the context of interpreting the place's significance; the storage of objects; the acquisition and disposal policy; and the cooperative use and care of significant objects owned by other organisations or individuals.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Fire Management

Carefully reduce the level of fire hazard.

 

Develop and implement a fire control and hazard reduction plan.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Security Arrangements

Maintain security over the site.

 

Maintain and upgrade existing security arrangements and/or instigate additional security arrangements, appropriate to the uses of the place, that enable 24 hour security.

 

 

Refer

Policy for

Interpretation Plan

Undertake the preparation of an Interpretation Plan, for implementation within a 2 to 3 year time frame, for the site as a whole.

 

The Interpretation Plan would be based on the information contained within this Conservation Management Plan; in the considerable amount of primary and secondary source material relating to NHQS [previous studies, historical information, etc]; and on previous interpretation plans produced for NPWS, e.g. 1997 Building Presentation Plan for NHQS.[1]

 

 

Refer

Strategy for Documentation

Undertake continued historical and documentary research; and the curatorial overhaul of the NHQS Research Centre.

 

Files should be maintained at the Quarantine Station for each building and site, arranged within each area of the station for easy reference. New information, such as documentary, oral or physical information, and records of works carried out should be attached to the file as copies of documents, notes for file, or references to the location of related documents, objects, photos etc. The existing Research Centre at NHQS should be properly managed and curated. These tasks need urgent implementation as the valuable resources of the Research Centre are being compromised because of lack of adequate staff resources.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Recovery Plans

Provide security for threatened species of flora and fauna.

 

Complete and implement the Recovery Plan for the endangered Little Penguin population at Manly; complete and implement the Recovery Plan for the Long-nosed Bandicoot, North Head; prepare and implement the Recovery Plan for the Camfields Stringybark species; the Red-crowned Toadlet; the Powerful Owl; and for Acacia terminalis ssp terminalis. This work should be pursued immediately.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for Aboriginal Consultation and Interpretation

Continue liaison with the Metropolitan Local Aboriginal Council and other Aboriginal organisations. This liaison should encompass Aboriginal interpretative programs and use the Aboriginal sites database.

 

The NPWS Aboriginal consultation : Policy and Procedures [1989 and currently being revised] are to be followed by the NPWS [and any agent or contractors lessees] in relation to the Quarantine Station site. A 'Framework of Consultation' has been prepared as part of this consultancy and should be pursued by the Service.

The ‘database’ of NHQS Aboriginal sites prepared as a basis for ‘internal’ use by the NPWS and the MLALC should be actively pursued and expanded. The MLALC should be encouraged to develop programs to provide an Aboriginal view of Aboriginal history in Australia. This program could be centred at NHQS or at Middle Head.

 

 

Refer

Strategies for North Head and the former School of Artillery

Continue liaison with Manly Council, Statutory Authorities and interested parties.

 

There are a number of tasks involved in the implementation of this strategy. Each will be considered in turn.

       NPWS to provide active encouragement and input to the North Head Liaison Committee in order to provide a workable forum for solving 'conflicts of interest' between 'corporate' managers of significant sites at North Head. The NPWS should promote the committee's consideration of the heritage significance of lands and structures at North Head and provide a forum for solving land degradation problems within the North Head precinct.

 

       NPWS to undertake discussions with the Interim Sydney Harbour Federation Trust to explore conservation and development 'outcomes' for the NHQS and School of Artillery sites in view of the Trust's acquisition of the former Defence property at the end of the year 2000.

 

       The Manly Council have provided substantial information towards this Conservation Management Plan, in the form of consultant information gathered for the nomination of North Head to the Register of the National Estate. The dialogue between the Service and Council, which ahs continued for some years, should be pursued through the North Head Liaison Committee.

 

       The NPWS is required to liaise with several statutory authorities over this Conservation Management Plan and ongoing conservation and management of NHQS. The immediate task is to seek endorsement from the Heritage Council of NSW [February 2000] to this Plan.

 

Refer

Strategy for

Community Consultation

       NPWS to undertake liaison with the North Head Liaison Committee to encourage community consultation and management and interpretation of the North Head Quarantine Station. An Aboriginal employment program, including the Quarantine Station and other areas of Sydney Harbour National Park, would directly involve the Aboriginal community in the management of the place, and provide a mechanism for increased liaison between the Service and the Aboriginal community.

 

10.4        Implementation :

                Intermediate [Two to Three Year Program]

 

Refer

Strategy for

 NPWS Management

NPWS to determine appropriate conservation and management arrangements for NHQS

 

As a result of this Conservation Management Plan process, and, if appropriate, subsequent Environmental Impact Assessment processes, NPWS is to determine an appropriate management option for NHQS. A number of management options have been suggested within this Conservation Management Plan. The Quarantine Station site's conservation and management has been, to a degree, 'in limbo' whilst the current leasing proposals have been negotiated. It is important that the site 'moves forward' with whichever management option is deemed most appropriate.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for Compatible Adaptive Re-use

Introduction of compatible adaptive re-uses

 

Any one of the Leasing options outlined in this Conservation Management Plan may provide an appropriate mechanism to allow compatible adaptive reuses to be implemented. The primary responsibility for management and conservation should rest with [currently the NPWS] which is charged with the conservation and public presentation of the place and the day-to-day oversight of management, including of the auditing of any head or sub lessees activities

 

The following compatible adaptive reuses are deemed appropriate:

 

       Accommodation, as a compatible use of the former accommodation blocks and staff cottages/quarters. The significance of the Quarantine Station buildings includes a modest institutional style of accommodation, and the general use of communal ablutions and dining areas. The most recent configuration of accommodation should determine the nature of acceptable uses and the nature of associated adaptation.

       Interpretation, as a compatible use of many of the buildings and sites, generally requires little or no adaptation. Interpretation should be guided by a conscious desire to present a range of buildings and sites that can contribute most effectively to illustrating the quarantine story. In accordance with an interpretation plan.

       Conference / functions centre, as a compatible use of larger rooms, and which may operate with associated accommodation. Such uses may limit or deny public access to important spaces for interpretation purposes, but the importance of key spaces must be presented.

       Other uses that are determined to be compatible in particular circumstances. Such uses might be identified during the preparation of supplementary conservation documents. Restaurant or other food outlets might, for example, be compatible uses including former kitchen or dining spaces. Associated requirements such as vehicle access and outside activities areas should be considered when determining compatibility of a potential use.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Conservation Philosophy

The restoration or reconstruction of buildings/site elements

 

The Conservation Management Plan sets out comprehensive requirements and guidelines for the restoration and/or reconstruction of buildings and site elements.

 

 

Restoration or reconstruction of components of the place, including new paint schemes and internal reconstruction, to a well documented earlier form may be acceptable for clearly stated interpretative purposes, but the overall impression of the Station should be one reflecting its final form in 1984. The changes made to the place since 1984 are considered to be of little or no significance, and the removal of any constructions or works created since that date should be considered, if appropriate.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for Supplementary Conservation Documents

The preparation of supplementary conservation documents.

 

The preparation of supplementary conservation documents will be required if restoration or reconstruction proposals proceed. These supplementary conservation documents may include site, building or area-specific conservation plans, conservation implementation strategies specific to the building or area, or conservation guidelines to assist in appropriate practices consistent with established policies and implementation strategies.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for Infrastructure

Control Plans

The preparation of infrastructure control plans.

 

The active restoration or reconstruction of buildings and/or site elements will necessitate the rationalisation or major upgrade of existing services throughout the station and this work should be guided by the infrastructure control plan. Ad hoc changes to services or the installation of new services should be subject to the infrastructure control plan, and that plan as a whole should be reviewed if the proposed works are not covered within its existing scope.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for Interpretation

Implementation of the Interpretation Plan.

 

Once an appropriate management arrangement has been determined, the Interpretation Plan [refer One Year implementation] can proceed. It is recommended that the Plan be implemented gradually so that its performance and appropriateness can be tested empirically.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for Visitor and

Use Capacity

Visitor and use capacity arrangements.

 

Once an appropriate management arrangement has been determined, visitor and use assessments should be undertaken. A review of site usage, visitor numbers and maintenance expenditure since 1984 should be undertaken prior to the full consideration or adoption of any activities or increased number of visitors to the site, in order to establish a background context for the site. The condition of the fabric in each area of the Station should be systematically monitored, as part of the maintenance program, and action taken to remediate damage and to reduce impacts found to be unacceptably high.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Inscriptions

Monitoring and restoration of the inscriptions.

 

The inscriptions should be preserved and documented. Reconstruction, by re-inscription of original inscriptions or re-painting of surfaces, is generally not considered to be an appropriate conservation approach, though in specific cases it might be determined to be appropriate.[2]

 

 


Returning moveable heritage to NHQS

 

Once an appropriate management arrangement has been determined, the NPWS should actively seek the return of heritage objects and moveable heritage to the NHQS site.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Public Access

Provision of public access

 

Public access should be planned and modified within this period. Access should be related to changing uses and the state of development of the interpretations programs, parking and traffic management programs, and water access program;

Disabled access should be addressed within this period. Some buildings can provide disabled access in their historical form, others will need adaptation for some forms of disabled access, while some would be difficult to make disabled accessible without unacceptable impact on significance;

Virtual access to the Quarantine Station, by way of published material and an internet site should be pursued by the NPWS [cf Parks Canada 'virtual access' for Grosse Ile] and would provide innovative and alternative means of presenting the place to permit those who are not planning to visit the site to appreciate its significance; and

Visitor facilities, such as toilets and refreshment / rest facilities should be provided within this period to existing buildings, consistent with the conservation of the values of these buildings.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for Archaeological Relics

Preparation of an Archaeological Management Plan

 

An Archaeological Management Plan should be prepared for the Quarantine Station within this period. This Plan will be prepared in accordance with the guidelines from the NSW Heritage Council as a high priority. The Plan will identify the location of known and predicted archaeological evidence and its significance and identify appropriate strategies for the management of archaeological evidence including assessment of proposed work activities, monitoring short and long term impacts on sites, interpretation of archaeological evidence in situ, and sampling management of artefact collections and archaeological data.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for Natural Bushland Areas

Liaison with North Head Liaison Committee to ensure protection of North Head bushland

 

The NPWS should work with the North Head Liaison Committee to ensure compatible natural bushland management across North Head, and to ensure appropriate conditions for species and habitat conservation, and a unified approach to natural landscape management.

 

 


Refer

 Strategy for the

Aquatic Reserve

The monitoring and management of the aquatic reserve

 

The NPWS should work closely with the NSW Fisheries and the north Head Liaison Committee to monitor commercial fishing activities in the Reserve and to ensure the protection of the Aquatic Reserve. NPWS should discourage all activities in the immediate vicinity of the Quarantine Station that could have a negative impact on the Aquatic Reserve.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Archaeological Management Plan

Preparation of an Archaeological Management Plan

 

An Archaeological Management Plan should be prepared for the Quarantine Station within this period. This Plan will be prepared in accordance with the guidelines from the NSW Heritage Council as a high priority. The Plan will identify the location of known and predicted archaeological evidence and its significance and identify appropriate strategies for the management of archaeological evidence including assessment of proposed work activities, monitoring short and long term impacts on sites, interpretation of archaeological evidence in situ, and sampling management of artefact collections and archaeological data.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for natural Bushland Areas

Liaison with North Head Liaison Committee to ensure protection of North Head bushland

 

The NPWS should work with the North Head Liaison Committee to ensure compatible natural bushland management across North Head, and to ensure appropriate conditions for species and habitat conservation, and a unified approach to natural landscape management.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for the

Aquatic Reserve

The monitoring and management of the aquatic reserve

 

The NPWS should work closely with the NSW Fisheries and the north Head Liaison Committee to monitor commercial fishing activities in the Reserve and to ensure the protection of the Aquatic Reserve. NPWS should discourage all activities in the immediate vicinity of the Quarantine Station that could have a negative impact on the Aquatic Reserve.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Flora and Fauna

Preparation and implementation of [Native and Exotic] Flora and Fauna Guidelines and Programs

 

The NPWS will prepare guidelines and programs for the protection of native flora and fauna [in addition to specific Recovery Plans]; and for the design and management of works, including landscape management, to ensure that exotic or new native species are not introduced to the place.

 

10.5           Implementation :

                   Long Term [Five to Ten Year] Program

 

 

Review of this Conservation Management Plan

 

NPWS should undertake the review [after five years] of this Conservation Management Plan, and subsequent approval by the NPWS Director General, and endorsement by the NSW Heritage Council.

Refer

Strategy for

Scientific Research

Scientific research

 

NPWS should undertake a program of scientific research [in conjunction with other bodies, e.g. universities, statutory authorities] into the geodiversity and biodiversity of North Head and the North Head Quarantine Station. This research should be carried with appropriate safeguards concerning destructive sampling and reporting of results.

 

 

Refer

Strategy for

Conservation Programs

Completion of the majority of the conservation programs, and the implementation of maintenance cycles

 

Within this period undertake the majority of the conservation programs for natural and built fabric heritage [including site element restoration and reconstruction].


[1]           NPWS, Building Presentation Plan, Maisy Stapleton Projects, 1997

[2]           Note that the NPWS has completed substantial documentation of the inscriptions since 1984 [Thorp et al, 1984, etc]. Note also that a trial documentation of inscriptions has recently been carried out at Old Mans Hat and the Wharf area which could serve as a documentation model [NPWS, Lambert Report, 1996].

Aboriginal
Heritage

History
Immigration

Buildings
in 1999

Carvings
on site

Residents
in the past

Natural
Environment
Conservation
Plan
This page was created 23rd January, 2000, by Judith Bennett,  Friends of Quarantine Station,
and was last modified 20th January, 2007.